Is There Any Difference between Bipolar and Non-bipolar Individuals in the Use of Facebook?nupecabp
Joao Paulo Rodrigues do Nascimento1, Lourrany Borges Costa2, Renata Leal Meneses2, Lucas Monte da Costa Moreno2 and Fabio Gomes de Matos e Souza2*
1School of Medicine, Christus University Center, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil | 2School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, CE, Brazil
Objective: To access how individuals with and without bipolar disorder differ in the use of Facebook, using the
Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) as a screening instrument for Bipolar Disorder (BD). The bipolar spectrum
group will be analyzed in another paper.
Method: One questionnaire containing 54 questions about social and demographic variables, aspects of
Facebook usage and the MDQ was applied. The sample consisted of 672 Facebook users. Participants were
classified into three groups: 1 – individuals with BD (n=73); 2 –individuals without BD (n=402); 3 – bipolar spectrum
(subjects whose scores were not enough to fulfill the complete criteria for BD) (n=197). Data analysis was performed
using the chi-square test (χ²) among the three groups. When this result was statistically significant, pairwise
comparisons were performed using ANOVA (with Sheffé correction) tests. Bonferroni test was used to reduce type I
error of multiple comparisons. This paper present differences between individuals with without BD.
Results: Individuals with BD presented higher percentage than individuals without BD in the following aspects
related to the use of Facebook: a) the amount of friends (more than 1,000 friends: 1=20.5%; 2=10.0%); b) the
number of people excluded (excluded more than 30 friends: 1=24.7%; 2=14.4%) or blocked from their contacts
(blocked more than 30: 1=5.5%; 2=1.7%); c) increased privacy exposure online (excessive exposure on the internet:
1=6.8%; 2=3.2%); d) problems in private life (1=52.1%; 2=19.4%); e) influences of emotional status on online
behavior (1=65.8%; 2=41.5%); f) use when worried/anxious (1=49.3%; 2=29,4%).
Conclusions: Individuals with BD are more sensitive, excluding and blocking more frequently and use the
internet more often when they are more emotional.